Noteworthy is the fact that Minnesotans were known as tenacious warriors and their records bear testimony. The First Minnesota Volunteer Infantry Regiment, as one example, sustained high degrees of casualties, time and again, at the Battles of First Bull Run (20%) and Antietam (28%) and it suffered the highest number of casualties (a catastrophic 82%) of any Union unit engaged at the Battle of Gettysburg.
The American Civil War is often associated with them Rebels and Yankees, the North against the South, and Brother against Brother War. One aspect of the conflict that receives little attention is the fact that the 5 Civilized Tribes were hotly engaged, principally against the Union, and most tribes from every section of the United States did not sit by idly. During the American Civil War, some historians paint the Native Americans as savage animals taking advantage of the locals whilst the Northern and Southern brethren were involved in their own gentlemen's fight. On the other hand, Manifest Destiny was playing out, and the white man was pushing deeper into Native lands, causing confusion, myths, even outright lies, and conflict and death on large scale was the final result. Nevertheless, history has not been kind to American Indians, and during the War of the Rebellion we should expect no less.
Known as the "Land of 10,000 Lakes", the state's name comes from a Dakota word for "sky-tinted water".
The Sioux residing in the extreme east of the Dakotas, Minnesota and northern Iowa are often referred to as the Santee or Eastern Dakota.
Rank and organization: Corporal, Company E, 1st Minnesota Infantry. Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 3 July 1863. Entered service at: St. Anthony Falls, Minn. Birth: Maine. Date of issue: 9 April 1890. Citation: Taking up the colors where they had fallen, he rushed ahead of his regiment, close to the muzzles of the enemy's guns, and engaged in the desperate struggle in which the enemy was defeated, and though severely wounded, he held the colors until wounded a second time.
Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 1st Minnesota Infantry. Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 3 July 1863. Entered service at. St. Paul, Minn. Birth: Burlington, Vt. Date of issue: 1 December 1864. Citation: Capture of flag of 28th Virginia Infantry (C.S.A.).
During the aftermath, new railroad construction shifted Minnesota's agricultural economy away from independent farmers and towards larger farms. Extensive wheat fields and forests fueled growth in the flour milling and lumber industries.